Cardiff University

CUDLIPP COLLECTION: General description

(structured according to the International Standard for Archival Description)

See below for the Collection by Subject (Groups of papers in the archive)

1. Location Identity

1.1 Cardiff University (Special Collections and Archives, located in the Arts and Social Studies Library)
1.2 Cudlipp Archive
1.3 2001
1.4 File descriptions
1.5 30m. 3000 letters, 40 reports, 12 photographs, 550 cuttings, 480 other documents, 50 audio-visual items.

2. Collection context

2.1 The archive was collected by Lady Jodi Cudlipp, the widow of Lord Cudlipp
2.4 Transferred by Lady Cudlipp to Cardiff University, 2000

3. Context and organisation of the collection
3.1 Historical background

The collection contains the personal papers of Hugh Cudlipp, Lord Cudlipp of Aldingbourne, former editor of the Daily Mirror and Chairman of International Publishing Corporation. They range from letters and documents concerning his early journalistic career in Cardiff and south Wales, through his rise to editorial prominence in Fleet Street and work with the IPC, and demonstrate his close connections with a wide range of people in journalism, the government and parliament.

Hugh Cudlipp was born in Cardiff in 1913 and started his career on the Penarth News in 1929. He worked on newspapers in Cardiff and Manchester before becoming features editor of the Daily Mirror and subsequently editor of the Sunday Pictorial in 1938. Following service in the Army during the Second World War, where he served in North Africa and produced a chain of Services daily newspapers, notably 'Union Jack', he returned to Fleet Street, resuming his editorship of the Sunday Pictorial. He became managing editor of the Sunday Express in 1950 and moved to the Daily Mirror as editorial director in 1952. He remained associated with the Mirror Group through his chairmanship of the Daily Mirror Newspapers and the International Publishing Corporation until his retirement in 1973. He was made an OBE in 1945, knighted in 1973 and created a life peer in 1974.
Throughout his life Hugh Cudlipp was a personal friend and professional colleague of Cecil King and the archive contains much material relating particularly to the dismissal of Cecil King from the chairmanship of the IPC.
The archive represents a valuable resource for studying the the development and influence of of the British popular press in the post war years.

3.2 General description of the collection

The International Standard for Archival Description (General) was followed in drafting the description of the archive. The searchable database description of the collection was produced with Access 97. Only brief descriptions of each file are given.

3.3 Further accruals

Further accruals are expected from Lady Cudlipp of documents covering the existing scope of the collection.

3.4 Organisation of the collection

The description of each file includes the following elements.
Code number - a unique file number
Contents - a brief description of the material and its contents
Documents - The number and type of documents, eg 50 letters
Keywords - single words or phrases descibing the main elements of the material
Date - the year the document was produced or the earliest document
Notes - additional relevant information about the contents of the file eg a full name

The material has been arranged into a series of sections, aiming to reflect Hugh Cudlipp's personal and professional life. The collection starts with material relating to his personal life, followed by a section concerning his friendship and professional relationship with Cecil Harmsworth King, including a considerable collection of documents relating to the dismissal of Cecil King from the chairmanship of the International Publishing Corporation. The arrangement of the first two sections is an exception to the International Standard for Archival Description (General) in accordance with the arrangement of the material by Lady Cudlipp. The third section covers the considerable correspondence with newspaper people, members of the government and MPs, writers and other personalities. Section four covers Hugh Cudlipp's personal writings, while section five covers writings by others about him. The large number of newspaper cuttings is included in section six. This particularly covers material in and about the Daily Mirror and the Mirror Group and Cecil King and the IPC. The final 'Miscellaneous' section includes a variety of artifacts, audio-visual material and personal scrapbooks.

4. Access and use conditions

4.1 Legal
Cardiff University owns and administers the collection
4.2 Access
The collection is available between 0900-1700 Monday to Friday
4.3 Copyright / reproduction
Photocopies are allowed only with the permission of Special Collections and Archives
4.4 Language
4.5 Physical features
Many of the letters, notes and newspaper cuttings are in a fragile condition.
4.6 Searching the database
An A-Z index of subjects is available on the Web database. A number of keywords were added to the descriptions of each file to prepare this searchable index. Index terms from Cardiff University Library’s online catalogue were used where appropriate.


Collection by Subject

The personal papers of Hugh Cudlipp, Lord Cudlipp of Aldingbourne

HC1 Personal

This contains letters,and documents relating to Hugh Cudlipp's career from his first job on the Penarth Times in South Wales to his retirement and creation as a life peer. There are many family letters, letters from his fact-finding visit to Africa and correspondence covering his charity work and connections with organisations in Chichester, where he lived for many years.

HC2 Cecil Harmsworth King

Cecil King was a close professional colleague of Hugh Cudlipp for many years. This section contains correspondence from 1939, documents and letters relating to the dismissal of Cecil King from the Chairmanship of the International Publishing Corporation in 1968 and subsequently. Details of Hugh Cudlipp's article in Encounter in 1981 concerning the dismissal are covered.

HC3 Correspondence

This section contains a considerable amount of correspondence with the family of Cecil King, Earl Mountbatten of Burma, executives from Mirror Group Newspapers and International Publishing Corporation, politicians, including prime ministers, ministers and Members of Parliament and members of the House of Lords, royalty, VIPs, personalities, writers and journalists, television and radio companies, publishers and agents.

HC4 Personal writings

Hugh Cudlipp's personal writings are recorded, including his books, articles in journals and newspapers including Army News and Union Jack, speeches and scripts.

HC5 Writings about Hugh Cudlipp

This section contains articles written by others about Hugh Cudlipp in journals, books and various newspapers. Also included are entries about him in biographical publcations, such as Vacher's Biographical Guide and Debrett's People of Today.

HC6 Cuttings

Cuttings relating to the Daily Mirror and Mirror Group Newspapers, Cecil King, the 'Spycatcher' case, Hugh Cudlipp's brother, Percy and nephew, Michael.

HC7 Miscellaneous

This section contains a number of photographs and drawings, transcript of the Liberace / Daily Mirror libel trial, details of the Private Eye libel case, videos, scrapbooks, the House of Lords seal given when he was created a life peer and various awards including an honorary degree from New England College .

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